New Delhi (NVI): The Central Government today issued Regulatory Pathway for quicker access to Covid vaccines approved for restricted use by US FDA, EMA, UK MHRA, PMDA Japan or which are listed in WHO Emergency Use Listing (EUL).
The Government’s decision today comes amid reports that some states are facing vaccine shortage due to an alarming spike on daily Covid cases.
This also comes after the Centre on Tuesday approved a significant streamlining and fast tracking of regulatory system for these foreign produced Covid-19 vaccines that are listed in WHO EUL.
“This decision will facilitate quicker access to such foreign vaccines by India and would encourage imports including import of bulk drug material, optimal utilization of domestic fill and finish capacity etc., which will in turn provide a fillip to vaccine manufacturing capacity and total vaccine availability within the country,” the Ministry of Health said in a statement.
Explaining the pathway, Central Drugs Standards Control Organization (CDSCO) headed by DCGI said that CDSCO shall prepare detailed guidelines specifying regulatory pathway for approval of foreign approved Covid vaccines based on NEGVAC recommendations.
These guidelines have since been prepared and posted by CDSCO on its website. CDSCO will take steps to widely disseminate these guidelines to the concerned stakeholders, the Ministry said.
In addition to this, applicants for grant of approval for Restricted Use in Emergency situation may be submitted to CDSCO.
Application can be made by the foreign manufacturer through its Indian subsidiary or through its authorized agent in India (in case it does not have an Indian subsidiary), as per the ministry.
Apart from that, CDSCO will process such applications for Restricted Use in Emergency Situation and DCGI will consider and take a decision within 3 working days from date of submission of complete application by the applicant.
DCGI will issue permission for Restricted Use in Emergency situation with, inter-alia, the following conditions:
1. Vaccine shall be used as per the guidelines prescribed under National Covid-19 Vaccination Programme.
2. First 100 beneficiaries of such vaccines shall be assessed for 7 days for safety outcomes before it is rolled out for further Vaccination program.
3. Applicant shall initiate conduct of post approval bridging clinical trials within 30 days of such approval.
Under the pathway, applications for Restricted Use in Emergency situation for such vaccines may be accompanied by bridging trial protocol, application for import registration certificate and application for import license.
CDSCO will process applications for Registration Certificate (registration of oversees manufacturing site and product: in this case Covid vaccine) and Import License, within 3 working days from the date of approval of Restricted Use in Emergency Situation, the Ministry said.
As per the existing protocol of CDSCO for batch release of vaccines, each batch of the vaccine will be released by Central Drugs Laboratory(CDL), Kasauli before it can be used as per the guidelines prescribed under the National Covid-19 vaccination programme.
The applicant will use Covid vaccine, after receipt of CDL approval, initially only on 100 beneficiaries and submit the safety data to CDSCO.
CDSCO will review the safety data submitted by the applicant, and once found satisfactory, will authorise the applicant to use the vaccine.
CDSCO will approve the protocol for the bridging trial in consultation with Subject Expert Committee (SEC) within 7 days of the receipt of the proposal.
Applicant will conduct the bridging trial within the time lines specified in the approved protocol, and submit data generated in the bridging trial to CDSCO.
After the receipt of the bridging trial results, the DCGI will review the permission granted for Restricted Use in Emergency situation, the ministry said in a release.