New Delhi (NVI): The Ministry of Jal Shakti has deployed sensor-based ‘The Internet of Things’ (IOT) devices to monitor the rural drinking water supply systems in 6 lakh villages under the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
The IoT-based remote monitoring provides near real-time information without any manual intervention by using sensors.
“To monitor the rural drinking water supply systems in villages, the Ministry of Jal Shakti has decided to take the digital route to use sensor-based IoT devices to effectively monitor the implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) in more than six lakh villages,” the Jal Shakti Ministry said in a statement.
In this regard, the National Jal Jeevan Mission in collaboration with Tata Community Initiatives Trust (TCIT) and Tata Trusts recently completed pilot projects in several remote villages of five states — Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Himachal Pradesh.
The ministry also stated that a key feature of these pilots has been the use of frugal yet sturdy sensors, which makes the solution scalable and sustainable.
This would not only allow effective monitoring and management on-ground, but also enable real-time visibility to State water supply/ PHED officials, and citizens, it added.
With a futuristic vision to ensure regular tap water to every home, real-time measurement and monitoring is critical for rural drinking water supply schemes, with enormous gains in terms of operational efficiencies, cost reduction, grievance redressal, etc.
Notably, the rural drinking water supply design varies considerably across different regions of the country.
According to the Jal Shakti Ministry, several types of sensors have been deployed including flow meters, ground water level sensors, chlorine analyzers, pressure sensors, pump controller etc. to measure all the relevant aspects of water service delivery – quantity, duration, quality, pressure, and sustainability – in addition to providing operational efficiencies.
The cloud and analytics powered IoT platform is also integrated with a GIS (Geographical Information System) providing a robust decision support system.
Further, the pilots have led to several outcomes as it has helped identify distribution issues – such as outages, leakages, low pressure, etc. and led to resolution across sites. It has recently alerted both officials and community regarding fast depleting groundwater levels, that led the villagers to build a source strengthening structure to recharge their borewell.
Other benefits observed include efficient and responsible use of water by community and reduced cost of operations through data-enabled leak detection, predictive maintenance, and automation, the statement added.