New Delhi (NVI): Climate change is having a devastating effect on nature, especially endangered species that are on the verge of extinction. As we talk about species endangered, several of them have already gone extinct in the last 100 years, and human activity is to be blamed for this.
Recent research has predicted that by 2100, the number of mammal species going extinct globally is likely to reach 558 if conservation efforts are not stepped up.
A video, showing animals that have gone extinct from the planet in the last 100 years, has gone viral on social media.
The animated video has been shared by Indian Forest Service (IFS) officer Parveen Kaswan who often shares wildlife related content on his Twitter handle to spread awareness about different animal and bird species.
The video also shows the names of animals or species gone extinct with the year of their extinction.
“Extinction is forever. These are animals which got extinct from planet in last 100 years. Imagine same will happen in our own lifetime,” Kaswan says in a tweet that he shared yesterday.
Extinction is forever. These are animals which got extinct from planet in last 100 years. Imagine same will happen in our own lifetime. Do watch. pic.twitter.com/Csnj1OAyYM
— Parveen Kaswan, IFS (@ParveenKaswan) October 12, 2020
The 17 species listed in the video, along with their extinction years are:
Sicilian wolf- 1920s
Tasmanian Tiger – 1930s
Xerces blue 1940s
Japanese sea lion – 1950s
Crescent nail-tail wallaby 1950s
Babul hartebeest 1950s
St. Helena Darter 1960s
Kakawahie – 1960s
Guam flying fox – 1960s
Caspian tiger- 1970s
Siamese flat-barbelled catfish- 1970s
Yunnan lake newt- 1970s
Pyrebean Ibex- 2000s
Pinta Giant Tortoise- 2010s
West African Black Rhinoceros- 2010s
For all the mammal species that have gone extinct so far, humans are almost entirely to be blamed, according to a study published in the journal Science Advances recently.
“On the basis of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)-based scenario, we predict 558 mammal species’ extinctions globally by the year 2100,” the study authors wrote.
“We are losing biodiversity every year, and with every extinct species and population, we lose unique evolutionary history,” they added.
The current diversity of mammals consists of approximately 5,700 extant species. At least 351 mammal species have gone extinct over the past 126,000 years.
Out of them, 80 are known from historical reports since the year 1500, while all others are only known from fossil or zooarcheological records, according to the study.