New Delhi: India is well set to achieve its Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) in Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) much before the target year of 2030. The country has also emerged as the biggest success story amongst Malaria endemic countries in the World by significantly bringing down the Malaria cases and deaths, under the National Health Mission (NHM).
These were among many other achievements which were conveyed to the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently.
There has been acceleration in decline of and the IMR since the launch of the NRHM/NHM. At the current rate of decline, India should able to reach its SDG target (MMR-70, U5MR-25) much before the due year i.e. 2030, the Cabinet was informed.
The Cabinet was informed that Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has been significantly strengthened and intensified with installation of a total of 1,180 CBNAAT machines across all districts to provide rapid and accurate diagnosis for TB including drug resistant TB. This has resulted in three-fold increased use of CBNAAT over the past year. Due to the intensified efforts, there is 16% jump in identification of new cases in one year. Universal drug sensitive cases also increased by 54%. Newer drug regimen of Bedaquiline and Delaminide and nutrition support to all the TB patients for the duration of the treatment has been rolled throughout the country.
|MMR Decline rate per 1 Lakh live births||5.3%||8%|
|IMR Decline Rate per 1 Lakh births||2.8%||4.7%|
|Under 5 Mortality Decline Rate||3.9%||6.6%|
|Malaria Annual Parasite incidence (API) per 1,000 population||0.64 in 2017||0.30 in 2018|